What Is The Rational Basis Test Used To Determine?

What is the rational basis test and why is it important?

Rational basis review tests whether the government’s actions are “rationally related” to a “legitimate” government interest.

The Supreme Court has never set forth standards for determining what constitutes a legitimate government interest..

What is minimum rationality?

minimum rationality test. (nonsuspect): the court asks whether the government had a rational basis for making a law that treats a given class of people differently; standard of review used by the courts to evaluate laws that make a nonsuspect classification.

What level of scrutiny is age?

Rational basis scrutiny is applied to all other discriminatory statutes. Rational basis scrutiny currently covers all other discriminatory criteria—e.g., age, disability, wealth, political preference, political affiliation, or felons.

What are the three levels of scrutiny?

You’ve likely heard that there are three levels of scrutiny used by courts to evaluate the constitutionality of laws: rational basis review, intermediate scrutiny, and strict scrutiny.

What is an example of strict scrutiny?

During the civil rights era and through today, the Supreme Court has applied Strict Scrutiny to government actions that classify people based on race. For example, in Loving v. Virginia (1967), the Supreme Court applied Strict Scrutiny to strike down Virginia’s law banning interracial marriage.

What falls under strict scrutiny?

Strict scrutiny is a form of judicial review that courts use to determine the constitutionality of certain laws. … To pass strict scrutiny, the legislature must have passed the law to further a “compelling governmental interest,” and must have narrowly tailored the law to achieve that interest.

What is reasonable basis test?

Reasonable-basis test. Definition: A test applied by courts to laws that treat individuals unequally. Sentence: Such a law may be deemed consitutional if its purpose is held to be “reasonably” related to a legitimate government interest.

What is strict scrutiny and rational basis test?

The intermediate scrutiny test and the strict scrutiny test are considered more stringent than the rational basis test. The rational basis test is generally used when in cases where no fundamental rights or suspect classifications are at issue. The rational basis test is also referred to as “rational review.”

What falls under intermediate scrutiny?

In the free speech context, intermediate scrutiny is the test or standard of review that courts apply when analyzing content-neutral speech versus content-based speech. Content-based speech is reviewed under strict scrutiny in which courts evaluate the value of the subject matter or the content of the communication.

What is an example of substantive due process?

Substantive due process has been interpreted to include things such as the right to work in an ordinary kind of job, marry, and to raise one’s children as a parent.

What is the difference between strict and intermediate scrutiny?

As the name implies, intermediate scrutiny is less rigorous than strict scrutiny, but more rigorous than the rational basis test. Intermediate scrutiny is used in equal protection challenges to gender classifications, as well as in some First Amendment cases.

What does rational basis mean?

Legal Definition of rational basis : a reason or ground (as for legislation or an action by a government agency) that is not unreasonable or arbitrary and that bears a rational relationship to a legitimate state interest — see also rational basis test.

How do the rational basis test and the intermediate scrutiny test differ?

How do the rational basis and the intermediate standard of review differ? Rational basis review refers to the lowest three levels of scrutiny applied by all courts. Intermediate standard of review is a higher level of scrutiny.

What is rational basis with bite?

After recounting the judicial history that lead to the current anything-goes version of the rational basis test for economic liberty concerns, the court adopted what it termed “rational basis with bite,” which demands “actual rationality, scrutinizing the law’s actual basis, and applying an actual test.”

How do you know if something is constitutional?

When courts apply strict scrutiny it is most challenging for the government to demonstrate that a law is Constitutional. Three common tests that courts apply when they conduct judicial review are the rational basis, intermediate scrutiny, and strict scrutiny tests.