Quick Answer: What Are The Three Main Components That Make Up A Roof?

What is the most critical component of roof design?

Ventilation and Insulation are Key One of the most critical factors in roof system durability is proper ventilation.

Without it, heat and moisture build up in an attic area and combine to cause rafters and sheathing to rot, shingles to buckle, and insulation to lose its effectiveness..

What are two types of roofs?

Here is a list of 9 different types of roofing to consider for your next re-roofing job:Solar tiles. … Asphalt shingles. … Metal roofing. … Stone-coated steel. … Slate. … Rubber slate. … Clay and concrete tiles. … Green roofs.More items…

What is the basic structure of a roof?

It consists of rafters and trusses, which are beams that form the shape of the roof and support the sheathing or the next layer. Drainage features are also established during the roof structure phase. These features, like the roof’s shape, layout and slope, are important because they allow water to roll off the roof.

Is the roof part of the structure?

The roofing structure is essentially the frame that your roof will be constructed on. The structure is a series of trusses, beams and rafters that give the roof its shape and that the roof sheathing is laid upon.

What are different types of roofs called?

There are many different roof types and they all have unique properties.Gable roof. The term ‘gable’ refers to the triangle spot that is formed when the two pitched areas of the roof meet. … Hip. … Dutch. … Mansard roof. … Flat roof. … Shed roof. … Butterfly roof. … Gambrel roof.More items…•

How do you join two roofs together?

9 Practical Steps about Joining Two Roofs with Different PitchesStep 1 – Preparing the Area.Step 2 – Measuring the Length of the Joined Area.Step 3 – Prepare a Piece of Flashing Material.Step 4 – Place the Flashing on the Meeting Point.Step 5 – Sealing the Edges of The Roof with Lumber.Step 6 – Apply a Bead of the Sealant Material.Step 7 – Securing the Flashing.More items…•

What are the components of a roof?

Parts of a roofDecking (or sheathing) Usually made from 1⁄2-inch plywood, the decking closes and reinforces the roof structure and provides a nailbed for the shingles. … Roof edge (or eaves edge) All the boards running along the edge of the roof or eaves. … Attic. … Saddle. … Ridge. … Valley. … Underlay membrane. … Eaves membrane.More items…

What materials are needed to build a roof?

Here is a list of the most common roofing materials available, along with the pros and cons of each.Wood. One of the most traditional materials used in roofs is wood. … Slate. … Metals. … Asphalt. … Clay and concrete tiles. … Transparent materials.