Question: What Is The Purpose Of Archaeological Excavation?

What is the main aim of an archaeological dig?

The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies..

Why do archaeologists have to dig?

To get at the archaeological evidence, archaeologists dig through these layers of built-up soil and dirt to try to understand the processes through which the layers were built up over time, and to find any artefacts buried within the layers.

What are the methods of excavation?

There are number of excavation methods which are used for deep foundation construction such as full open cut method, bracing excavation, anchored excavation, island excavation methods,zoned excavation, top down construction methods etc. These excavation techniques are discussed.

Why is archaeological excavation destructive?

Recording. Archaeological excavation is an unrepeatable process, since the same area of the ground cannot be excavated twice. Thus, archaeology is often known as a destructive science, where you must destroy the original evidence in order to make observations.

What is the archaeological process?

Archaeology is the scientific study of the human past, through excavation and related research. Archaeological projects are conducted in a step-by-step process, much like scientific experiments.

How do you speak Archaeology?

Tips to improve your English pronunciation:Break ‘archaeologist’ down into sounds: [AA] + [KEE] + [OL] + [UH] + [JIST] – say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them.Record yourself saying ‘archaeologist’ in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen.More items…

What is considered a deep excavation?

Shallow excavations are defined as being anything less than 1.5 metres deep, which really is not very deep at all; a relatively short person could comfortably see over the top. Deep excavations, on the other hand, are defined as being any excavation which is more than 4.5 metres in depth – a considerable height indeed.

What is trench excavation?

A trench is a type of excavation or depression in the ground that is generally deeper than it is wide (as opposed to a wider gully, or ditch), and narrow compared with its length (as opposed to a simple hole). … Trenches have also often been dug for military defensive purposes.

What is the purpose of excavation?

Excavation is used in construction to create building foundations, reservoirs and roads. Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development.

How do you make excavations safe?

Make sure the equipment and precautions needed (trench sheets, props, baulks etc) are available on site before work starts. Battering the excavation sides – Battering the excavation sides to a safe angle of repose may also make the excavation safer.

How long do archaeological digs last?

Digging is slow, and most sites are big – so a dig can take many seasons. A single season can be anywhere from one week to a couple of months; it’s rare for an excavation season to last longer than that.

What are the three major values of Archaeology?

The three major values of archaeology are human value, community value, and market value. I like to describe these as the past, present, and future.

Why was the excavation a significant archaeological find?

Excavations can be classified, from the point of view of their purpose, as planned, rescue, or accidental. Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site.

What are the three methods of excavation?

Excavation by MaterialTopsoil Excavation. As the name suggests, this type of excavation involves the removal of the exposed or the topmost area of the earth’s surface. … Rock Excavation. … Muck Excavation. … Earth Excavation. … Cut and Fill Excavation. … Trench Excavation. … Basement Excavation. … Dredging.

What are the four types of archaeological evidence?

All archaeological materials can be grouped into four main categories: (1) artifacts, (2) ecofacts, (3) structures, and (4) features associated with human activity.