Question: What Is Aristotle’S Doctrine Of The Mean Quizlet?

What is the doctrine of the mean quizlet?

Doctrine of the mean – Virtue is an average or median between extremes (excess and deficiency).

This doesn’t mean you should only have the virtue in moderation, you should always have it on average.

However in extreme cases extremes should be used.

Means you should not always be in the middle..

What is the good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

What does Aristotle mean when he says that virtue is a mean?

Aristotle describes a virtue as a “mean” or “intermediate” between two extremes: one of excess and one of deficiency. 2. Example: bravery (e.g. on a battlefield) Involves how much we let fear restrict or modify our actions. Bravery is the mean or intermediate between cowardliness and rashness.

How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?

The concept of moral responsibility is fundamental to any system of ethics, because claiming that people ought to take certain actions presupposes a choice which determines the action taken and for which the individual is responsible.

What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean?

One of the most celebrated and discussed aspects of Aristotle’s Ethics is his Doctrine of the Mean, which holds that every virtue is a mean between the vicious extremes of excess and deficiency.

What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the Golden Mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.

What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What is the golden mean and why is it important for Aristotle’s Ethics?

The Golden Mean is a sliding scale for determining what is virtuous. Aristotle believed that being morally good meant striking a balance between two vices. … Aristotle believed that the good life lived from exercising capacity to reason. Practicing virtue is a practice of intellectual reason.

What is Aristotle’s doctrine of categories?

Now, Aristotle divides ‘things that are said’ into ten categories based upon his four-part classification system. These ten categories are substance, quantity, quality, relation, place, time, situation, condition, action, and passion. The four-part system overlaps with the ten categories.

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

How does a person’s character form according to Aristotle?

Aristotle claims that character develops over time as one acquires habits from parents and community, first through reward and punishment. … Aristotle claims that one is partly responsible for one’s character, but he thereby raises the question whether one freely chooses one’s character.

What are the virtues according to Aristotle?

SPHERE OF ACTION OR FEELINGEXCESSMEANPleasure and PainLicentiousness/Self-indulgenceTemperanceGetting and Spending (minor)ProdigalityLiberalityGetting and Spending (major)Vulgarity/TastelessnessMagnificenceHonour and Dishonour (major)VanityMagnanimity8 more rows

How can an action of man be considered a virtuous act according to Aristotle?

More explicitly, an action counts as virtuous, according to Aristotle, when one holds oneself in a stable equilibrium of the soul, in order to choose the action knowingly and for its own sake. This stable equilibrium of the soul is what constitutes character.

What are the two types of vices listed by Aristotle?

Aristotle defined vice and virtue as: vice is an excess or deficiency of virtue, and virtue is the mean between two accompanying vices that exists within a “sphere”.

Who is the personal ideal or hero of Confucianism?

Daoism and ConfucianismThe notion of wu wei isno unnecessary action.In their view of human nature, the Confucianistssee human beings as needing their character shaped by educationThe personal ideal or hero of Confucianism is thenoble personThe social period in which Confucius lived wasdisorderly25 more rows